The condition known as urinary incontinence (UI) is the involuntary loss of control over the bladder. Despite the fact that UI is a rather common condition, it can still result in serious embarrassment and directly affect one’s life and daily routine. UI affects the lives of men and women of all ages, although it is typically most common among women, specifically in the periods during and after pregnancy. In a majority of cases urinary incontinence is a result of a urinary tract infection or muscles in the urinary tract that are weak that may prevent the sufferer from the urethra during certain activities allowing the urine to leak.
In normal urination the bladder is emptied when the desire to urinate occurs. Urinary incontinence results in the message of a need to urinate being interrupted or disrupted, causing involuntary urination. UI is typically associated with easy to identify underlying causes.
Symptoms of Urinary Incontinence
Among the symptoms of UI that women experience, aside from leaking urine, can include:
- Strong desire to urinate
- Pelvic pressure
- Frequent urinating
- Nocturia (need to urinate during sleeping hours)
- Painful urination
Types of Urinary Incontinence
There are three main types of urinary incontinence:
- Urge Incontinence: the most common type of incontinence, urge incontinence involves leakage occurring following a sudden and unexpected urge to urinate due to the muscle wall of the bladder being overactive.
- Stress Incontinence: this is typically caused by an activity as minor as laughing, sneezing, or coughing and is a result of this activity placing sudden pressure on the bladder.
- Overflow Incontinence: this is the least common of all three types and it occurs when an inactive bladder muscle does not completely empty the bladder after urination.
Treatment of Urinary Incontinence
Treatment options for UI vary and are provided depending on the severity of the condition and the degree to which each patient desires to address the problem.
Among the more conservative treatments that are available and effective are:
- Bladder training
- Avoiding alcohol and caffeine and medication to control pelvic muscle spasms.
- Kegel exercises
In cases that are more severe it may be necessary to treat using a suburethral sling procedure.
Suburethral Sling Procedure
A suburethral sling procedure is typically performed as open surgery under general anesthesia. During this type of procedure, a single small incision is made in the anterior vaginal wall and two other small incisions are made lateral to the clitoral hood where the legs join the body. A particular tape is used to loop through the incisions and underneath the urethra. With this “sling” now in place to support the urethra, the incisions are closed.
Suburethral sling surgery creates a compression aid to the urethra, which provides the patient with a long-term solution for UI and its related symptoms.
Significant advancements have been made in the development and evolution of the suburethral sling surgery that are more beneficial to the patient and result in fewer complications.
To find out more about the suburethral sling for urinary incontinence, call Beverly Oaks Surgery today at (818) 986-9099 to receive a free consultation or to schedule your appointment. You don’t have to live with this condition anymore – the results you deserve are just a phone call away!